Interactions between electrons and phonons are considered the microscopic driving power behind ultrafast magnetization or demagnetization processes (spin-flips). Nevertheless, it was not attainable till now to look at such ultrafast processes intimately as a result of the absence of appropriate strategies.
Now, a group headed by Prof. Alexander Föhlisch has developed an authentic technique to find out experimentally for the first time the electron-phonon pushed spin-flip scattering fee in two methods: ferromagnetic Nickel and nonmagnetic copper.
They used X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) at BESSY II to do that. X-rays excited core electrons within the samples (Ni or Cu) to create the so-known as core-holes, which have been then crammed by the decay of valence electrons. This decay ends in the emission of sunshine, which might then be detected and analyzed. The samples had been measured at entirely different temperatures to watch the consequences of lattice vibrations (phonons) growing from room temperature to 900 levels Celsius.
Because the temperature elevated, ferromagnetic Nickel confirmed a robust lower in emissions. This commentary matches nicely with the theoretical simulation of processes within the digital band construction of Nickel after excitations: by growing the temperature and thus, the phonon inhabitants, the speed of scattering between electrons and phonons will increase. Scattered electrons aren’t any extra out there for decay, which leads to a waning of the sunshine emission. As anticipated, within the case of diamagnetic copper, the lattice vibrations had hardly any effect on the measured emissions.